The Federated States of Micronesia State of Environment Report (SoE) examines major drivers of change to the environment that emerge from global, regional and national factors. It evaluates the main environmental pressures created by these drivers, and examines their environmental impact. The SoE also gives actionable recommendations as a nation to improve the environment for sustainable growth. The SoE Report is a useful reference to guide national development efforts and to improve livelihoods. Information in the SoE Report will help improve environmental decision-making and in the allocation of resources to better protect the environment.
The Yela Conservation Easement protects the largest remaining strand of Ka (Terminalia carolinensis) forest in the world. With the Conservation Easement in place, the landowners retain the title to their land, but in return agree that no development will occur in the area that will compromise the health and integrity of the forest. A Trust Fund was established which compensates the landowners annually. The success of this arrangement means that the landowners and the state of Kosrae will ensure that the forest is managed and conserved in perpetuity. Importantly, the landowners can continue to receive financial benefit from their land without negative impacts to the forest.
The site was part of the ceremonial and political seat of the Saudeleur Dynasty, which united Pohnpei’s estimated 25,000 people until about 1628. The huge scale of the edifices, their technical sophistication and the concentration of megalithic structures bear testimony to complex social and religious practices of the island societies of the period. Risk to the site include the siltation of waterways that is contributing to the unchecked growth of mangroves and undermining of edifices. There are efforts underway to improve accessibility and management of the site.
A significant portion of the Japanese fleet was stationed within Chuuk lagoon during WWII. During Operation Hailstone, which lasted three days in February 1944, American carrier-based planes sank 12 Japanese warships (light cruisers, destroyers, and auxiliaries) and 32 merchant ships. With its 50 plus wrecks, many still in considerably good condition and in warm, clear water, Chuuk Lagoon has become a diver ’s paradise. The ships and war relics, and the natural flora and fauna built up around them, provide a unique natural and cultural heritage seascape. Management is important to prevent loss of these internationally significant cultural and natural heritage sites, which play a critical role in the Chuuk economy related to dive tourism.
The FSM State of Environment Report 2018 was prepared with the approval of the FSM national Government through the leadership of the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management (DECEM) and States representatives and supported by the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP), in partnership with The Nature Conservancy.
A growing number of data portals, knowledge libraries, and communication materials are available to support Pacific environmental management. The following are external links to the major environmental information resources.